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People with asthma have sensitive airways in their lungs.

When exposed to certain triggers such as dust and pollens, their airways narrow, making it hard for them to breathe.

The inside lining of the airways becomes red and swollen (inflammation).

Extra mucous (sticky fluid) may be produced and the muscle around the airway tightens.


Signs and Symptoms

  • Pale, cold and clammy
  • Shortness of breath (especially when talking)
  • Dry or moist cough
  • Wheezing when breathing out: but remember not all casualty’s experience wheezing
  • Tightness in the chest, anxious and scared
  • Blue colouring around their lips
  • Collapse

First aid management

  • Sit the casualty in an upright position
  • Take any prescribed medication immediately
  • Be calm and reassuring
  • If there is no change in the casualty’s condition seek medical aid urgently
  • Monitor ABC 

What should you do?

We all respond to emergencies in different ways.

Whether trained or untrained, some of us are afraid we will do the wrong thing and make the situation worse.

If you are unsure about what to do, call for an ambulance.

The worst thing to do is to do nothing.